Nowadays, the technology of zero-emission electric vehicles has gradually matured and has begun to be commercialized. The one-time charging journey can basically meet the requirements of urban traffic. The main problem of large-scale application is the high initial cost of electric vehicles and the unsatisfactory driving range. Fuel cell electric vehicles are still in the research and development stage, and it will take time to produce like low-cost mass production.
BEV can achieve zero emissions. Due to the short charging trip, it is only suitable for specific occasions, such as community transportation, zero-emissions control cities, and short-distance transportation in entertainment venues. HEV is forming a round of technology development hotspots around the world. It can improve the economy of fuel, but it can't achieve zero emissions, it can only improve emissions. Before zero-emission electric vehicles are not mainstream, HEV can play a role in transitional development. Therefore, it is now possible to mass-produce and replace fuel vehicles. More realistic electric vehicles that reduce emissions, it is foreseeable that in the next 10 years, BEVs and HEVs will expand their commercial production scale and occupy their respective shares in their specific market, and the growth rate will depend on their Price factor. After 20 years, FCEV will become the mainstream technology in the future, and there will be a long-term market prospect, and its commercialization speed will also be accelerated, because only it can compete with fuel vehicles in terms of driving range and performance.
Although electric vehicles existed before the 20th century, today's electric vehicles are not only electric-driven systems based on electric motors, controllers and power supplies, but also a clean, efficient and intelligent road transport system. The new system is an intelligent system that is easy to integrate with the modern transportation network. From the perspective of environmental protection and energy, the future of electric vehicles needs to have a big development. Its development is related to the rise and fall of many industries and may become New economic growth points in the future. The problem of automobile exhaust pollution is widespread in most cities, so the market for developing small and medium-sized electric vehicles is more unique and has wider application prospects.
The government should encourage electric vehicles to be developed according to market mechanisms. At the same time, we must pay close attention to the construction of infrastructure such as charging stations and support them in policies and regulations.
It is foreseeable that the future car will be operated by electrical, mechanical and control technology, and only the development of clean, efficient and intelligent electric vehicles will enable the sustainable development of the 21st century.